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Humans · Nature · Economy

Why Kiribatian farmer, Ioane Teitiota, declared himself to be the world’s first ever Climate change refugee

May 15th, 2014
in:Humans, Nature, Economy
by:Itai Lahat
located in:Australia
tags:climate refugee, climate-change, Kiribati Island

The Republic of Kiribati (pronounced KIRR-i-bas) is an island nation located in the central tropical Pacific Ocean. The country consists of 32 atolls and one raised coral island dispersed over 3,500,000 square kilometers. The nation is also is one of the world’s poorest countries. It has few natural resources. Copra (the dried meat, or kernel, of the coconut used to extract coconut oil) and fish now represent the bulk of production and exports. Tourism provides more than one-fifth of GDP.

In this pour nation, that is the home to a 100 thousand natives, there is a growing concern from the effects of global warming. In fact, Kiribati is already suffering from the consequences of climate change. Sea level near Kiribati has risen and will continue to rise throughout this century. In addition to this, ocean acidification has been increasing in Kiribati’s waters and will continue to increase and threaten coral reef ecosystems.

Under these grave conditions, one Kiribatian farmer, Ioane Teitiota, has made a dramatic move – he left the nation and declared himself to be the world’s first ever Climate change refugee. Since 2010, Mr. Teitiota, 37, has claimed he is the victim of “passive persecution” in his homeland as rising sea levels salinate or engulfs the tiny nation. He claims that his government is unable to protect his “right to life” and that of his New Zealand-born children. Unfortunately, the New Zealand courts disagree. The Court of Appeal has labeled his case “fundamentally misconceived.”

Mr. Teitiota was a subsistence farmer in Kiribati. However, the atoll and island chain has faced an increase in storm surges and coastal erosion, as well as increased groundwater salination due to the effects of rising sea levels. Water salinity and the loss of arable land to the sea are making it ever more difficult to grow crops out of what was already poor soil. Kiribati has been very vocal on the issue of climate change, calling on the world’s developed nations to accept responsibility for global warming and assist those countries that are already beginning to suffer from its effects. The Kiribati government has also gone so far as to purchase land in Fiji as a last-resort resettlement measure should the country is rendered uninhabitable.

Despite this, it seems that the New Zealand courts have been wary of setting a precedent for refugee claims on the basis of climate change. Mr. Teitiota’s case has already been rejected by the New Zealand Immigration and Protection Tribunal and the High Court. In handing down its decision, the Court of Appeal cautioned that if the case was accepted, “at a stroke, millions of people who are facing medium-term economic deprivation, or the immediate consequences of natural disasters or warfare … would be entitled to protection under the Refugee Convention.” It also noted that “his position does not appear to be different from that of any other Kiribati national.”

So what’s in store for the first climate refugee? It seems that Teitiota is going to head to the United Nations Human Rights Committee in Geneva. Though his success is crucial to future cases, it is hard to believe that in the future governments around the world will be able to stop the ever growing flow of Climate refugees escaping by millions from their lands. What do you think, should Teitiota be recognized as the first of many to come?

Article written by:
Itai Lahat
Author
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