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The Middle-Eastern country sitting on the edge of the Mediterranean Sea, Lebanon borders Israel and Syria and has a population of just 6 million. It is a hub of religions and cultures, with Shia Muslims, Sunni Muslims, Christians and Druze as the main population groups in a country.

Historically Lebanon has been a leader of literacy, culture and a commercial hub for the Middle East. However today the nation is facing economic turmoil and has become a place for large refugee camps for neighbouring Syria. Current Prime Minister Hassan Diab took office after his predecessor Saad Hariri had resigned in October following mass protests against economic stagnation, rampant corruption and a divisive sectarian system. But the global pandemic proved Diab is unable to take the country out of its economic crisis and has been criticised for failing the country over the past few months. 

In early August, a large explosion due to 2,750 tons of highly explosive ammonium nitrate being stored in Beirut's port ripped the city apart, leaving thousands of people without homes and the country relying on humanitarian and foreign aid to push past this.