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Colombia is the fourth largest country in South America, situated at the north tip of the continent and bordering Venezuela, Brazil, Peru, Ecuador and Panama. It is one of the most populous nations of the continent, with 49 million citizens.

Colombia has substantial oil reserves and is a major producer of gold, silver, emeralds, platinum and coal. It is often known as the world's producer of coca leaves, and cocaine. The country has been through tumultuous decades-long violent conflict involving outlawed armed groups, drug cartels and gross violations of human rights, although, since 2002 under the country has been making significant progress towards improving security. In 2016, the government and Farc signed a historic peace accord that saw the 52 year-long conflict come to a seeming halt.