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Mexico is situated at the gate of Central and South America and North America. The country has the second largest economy in Latin America, with oil and produce exports dominating its economy. The country is renowned for its colourful and revitalising culture, food and natural produce. It is also known for its abject poverty alongside incredible wealth, and the violent cartels that control the trafficking of drugs from South American countries into the U.S. and Canada. 

In recent years Mexico has seen both a mass migration of its citizens into the US, while at the same time, major cities like Mexico City and Guadalajara have become tech, innovation, and culture hubs, attracting people from all over the world to migrate into the country. 98 per cent of all Mexican migrants reside in the United States, which accounts to more than 12 million (documented and undocumented) migrants. Estimates on the number of Mexican emigrants of indigenous origin in the US range between 50 per cent and 90 per cent of the entire immigrant population.