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Mozambique is situated on the South-Eastern coast of Africa and has a population of 29.5 million citizens. In 1975 Mozambique gained independence from Portuguese rule and has since 1992 been batteling with a 16-year civil war. According to the BBC, "Tensions remain between the ruling Frelimo party and the opposition former rebel movement Renamo and corruption have become a major concern."

While Mozambique has seen some economic growth over the past few years, more than half of the country's population lives in poverty, despite the discovery of natural gas on its coast in 2011, which promised great economic positive change for the nation. 

Despite cooperation efforts between Mozambique and South Africa, a significant part of wild animals, particularly rhinos, are still being killed by poachers who, driven by poverty, cross the border into the Kruger National Park situated just on the other side of Mozambiques porous south-west border. 

The media in Mozambique operates both under the government and independently, although according to Reporters Without Borders, "Journalists who upset the authorities risk intimidation and threats and self-censorship is commonplace, says."

Child labour in Mozambique is still an issue, with 22.5 per cent of children age 5-14 working and 69.5 per cent of children age 5-14 going to school. A further 22.4 per cent are currently combining both work and school.