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Current Map: Ethiopia

“Ethiopia”

Ethiopia is a landlocked country situated in northeastern Africa, also known as the continent's 'horn'. Bordering Eritrea, Djibouti, Somaliland and Somalia, Keny, South Sudan and Sudan, it is the most populated landlocked country in the world, with 110 million citizens. 

Bar a 5-year Italian rule during Mussolini's time, Ethiopia has remained uncolonised. The nation has been a symbol of independence during Africa's colonisation. 

Christianity and Islam are the two major religions in the country and the four main languages spoken are Amharic, Oromo, Tigrinya, Somali. While its current Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed has been working to reduce domestic and neighbouring wars and conflicts since 2018, Ethiopia has suffered much violence and destruction under a Marxist dictatorship after the long monarchy rule Meles Zenawi was dismantled in 1991. 

In 2019 the Nobel Peace Prize 2019 was awarded to Abiy Ahmed Ali "for his efforts to achieve peace and international cooperation, and in particular for his decisive initiative to resolve the border conflict with neighbouring Eritrea."

Freedom of the press however remains shaky in Ethiopia, with most media controlled by the state and internet shutdowns or obstructions of service being not uncommon. 

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